Last edited by Bacage
Monday, October 12, 2020 | History

2 edition of Measurements of high energetic auroral radiations with baloon-borne detectors in 1962-1963 found in the catalog.

Measurements of high energetic auroral radiations with baloon-borne detectors in 1962-1963

G. Pfotzer

Measurements of high energetic auroral radiations with baloon-borne detectors in 1962-1963

technical report

by G. Pfotzer

  • 205 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Institut für Stratosphärem-Physik in Lindau/Harz .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radiation -- Measurement

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    Statementcompiled by G. Protzer and A. Ehmert, contributions by A. Bewersdorff ... [et al.].
    ContributionsEhmert, A.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC809R3 P46
    The Physical Object
    Pagination2 v. :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20345649M

    7 Radiation Detection and Measurement Radiation Detectors Radiation is detected using special systems which measure the amount or number of ionizations or excitation events that occur within the detector’s sensitive volume. A radiation detection system can be either passive or active. Cosmic rays are high-energy protons and atomic nuclei which move through space at nearly the speed of originate from the sun, from outside of the solar system, and from distant galaxies. They were discovered by Victor Hess in in balloon experiments. Direct measurement of cosmic rays, especially at lower energies, has become possible since the launch of the first satellites in.

    Radiation measurement, technique for detecting the intensity and characteristics of ionizing radiation, such as alpha, beta, and gamma rays or neutrons, for the purpose of measurement.. The term ionizing radiation refers to those subatomic particles and photons whose energy is sufficient to cause ionization in the matter with which they interact. The ionization process consists of removing an. Radiation detection implies that the radiation interacts (e.g. leaves at least part. of its energy) in the material. A specific material is chosen, because of its intrinsic properties (e.g. how sensitive. it is to the type of radiation one want to measure), but it also depends on. what information we need to extract from the measurement.

    T1 - Auroral X-rays, electron bombardment and trapped radiation. AU - Kellogg, Paul J. PY - Y1 - N2 - Recent measurements of the characteristics of energetic particles incident on the top of the atmosphere, presumably precipitated from the earth's trapped radiation, are discussed. The second form is trapped radiation, which occurs when radiation becomes trapped in Earth’s magnetic field. This type of radiation is not a problem outside of Earth’s magnetic field. Finally, solar energetic particles are released by the Sun in what are called solar particle events. This events.


Share this book
You might also like
Musings & memories of a musician

Musings & memories of a musician

Concerto, D major

Concerto, D major

NEW ENGLAND POWER COMPANY

NEW ENGLAND POWER COMPANY

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Food Science and Technology Information

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Food Science and Technology Information

Computer aided circuit design

Computer aided circuit design

Dreaming in books

Dreaming in books

Hodges North-Carolina almanack, for the year of our Lord 1796

Hodges North-Carolina almanack, for the year of our Lord 1796

Counterstrain

Counterstrain

Before Penn

Before Penn

Holocaust

Holocaust

How to make effective speeches.

How to make effective speeches.

Filmed on Location

Filmed on Location

Measurements of high energetic auroral radiations with baloon-borne detectors in 1962-1963 by G. Pfotzer Download PDF EPUB FB2

Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and by G. Pfotzer, A. Ehmert,Springer edition, paperback. Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and G.

Pfotzer, A. Ehmert. Pages About this book. Keywords. Radiations aurora boundary element method detector measurement radiation. Editors and. Pfotzer G., Ehmert A. () Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and In: Pfotzer G., Ehmert A.

(eds) Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and Mitteilungen aus dem Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, vol Author: G.

Pfotzer, A. Ehmert. Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and Pfotzer, G, Ehmert, A: : LibrosFormat: Pasta blanda.

Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and Auf Wunschliste Pfotzer, G. / Ehmert, A. Measurements of High Energetic Auroral Radiations with Balloon-Borne Detectors in and Häftad.

Auroral Processes C T Russell Häftad. it seemed timely to write a comprehensive and integrated book on the subject. Re- cent advances concern the clarification of the nature of the acceleration process of the electrons that.

Initially, balloon‐borne instruments measured ion currents from ionization chambers, because this was the only practical way to detect energetic particles.

Some important measurements of the atmospheric ionization profile continued to be obtained using this technique until the s [ Neher, ; Harrison and Bennett, ].

Manuscript submitted to Space Weather Measuring ionizing radiation in the atmosphere with a new balloon-borne detector K. Aplin1, A. Briggs1, R. Harrison2 and G. Marlton2 1 Physics Department, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH UK 2 Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, PO BoxEarley Gate, Reading RG6.

Balloon-borne auroral X-rays were discovered over Minneapolis during a magnetic storm on July 1, These X-rays were atmospheric bremsstrahlung X-rays produced by precipitated Van Allen energetic electrons interacting with atmospheric constituents.

Now, more than 35 years later, X-ray observations are still providing useful results. How do X-ray observations contribute to the study of. Channel electron multi- pliers served as particle detectors with a pre- acceleration potential of kV because the efficiency of the multipliers decreases dramatically below 1 keV.

The viewing angle was reduced to 8 x 10 and for measuring a wide pitch angle range with high resolution three detectors under 0 20 and 90to the spin-axis were mounted. This volume, which was first published inpresents a comprehensive review of all aspects of the physics of the aurorae australis and borealis.

The broad topics covered relate to the different sections of a conference held in Cambridge to celebrate the centenary of the birth of Professor Sydney Chapman, FRS, who can be considered the founder of the subject in its modern form.

Increasing interest in energetic particle effects on weather and climate has motivated development of a miniature scintillator-based detector intended for deployment on meteorological radiosondes or unmanned airborne vehicles. The detector was calibrated with laboratory gamma sources up to MeV, and known gamma peaks from natural radioactivity of up to MeV.

The. Publisher Summary. As nuclear emulsions improved, they served ideally as balloon-borne detectors, provided that the balloon's payload could be recovered after the flight, and that the background of tracks formed before the period of flight at high altitude could be minimized.

Radiation Measurements provides a forum for the presentation of the latest developments in the broad field of ionizing radiation detection and measurement. The journal publishes original papers on both fundamental and applied research. The journal seeks to publish papers that present advances in the following areas: spontaneous and stimulated luminescence (including scintillating materials.

Increasing interest in energetic particle effects on weather and climate has motivated development of a miniature scintillator-based detector intended for deployment on meteorological radiosondes or unmanned airborne vehicles. The detector was calibrated with laboratory gamma sources up to MeV and known gamma peaks from natural radioactivity of up to MeV.

[Show full abstract] radiation exposure during a high-energy solar energetic particle (SEP) event in October We find that radiation received by a conceptus during a commercial polar flight.

Auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) is a strong terrestrial radio emission and dominates at higher latitudes because of reflection in vicinities of the source cavity and plasmapause. Semiconductor Detectors •Works on same principle as gas-filled detectors (i.e., production of electron-hole pairs in semiconductor material) •Only ~3 eV required for ionization (~34 eV, air) •Usually needs to be cooled (thermal noise) •Usually requires very high purity materials or.

Measuring ionizing radiation in the atmosphere with a new balloon-borne detector K. Aplin1, A. Briggs1, R. Harrison2, and G. Marlton2 1Physics Department, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, 2Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, UK Abstract Increasing interest in energetic particle effects on weather and climate has motivated.

accurate measurements are required of count rates of more than a few hundred counts per second. A portable GM survey meter may become paralysed in a very high radiation field and yield a zero reading. Ionization chambers should therefore be used in areas where radiation rates are high.

Scintillator detectors. about the risks from radiation is based on studies of more thansurvivors of the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, at the end of World War II.

Other studies of radiation industry workers and studies of people receiving large doses of medical radiation also have been an important source of knowledge. Scientists learned.The present book contains chiefly a data collection in compact form that covers the cosmic radiation in the vicinity of the Earth, in the Earth's atmosphere, at sea level and underground.

Included are predominantly experimental but also theoretical data. In addition the book contains related data, definitions and important relations.developed a simple particle detector, meant mainly for the measurement of proton fluxes during PCA events.

This instrument has recently been flown during an aurora, on which occasion a rather weak, but energetic, electron flux has been measured. The instrument consists of two Geiger-Mtiller telescopes.